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Phoenix Dactylifera /

True Date Palm

( Phoenix Dactylifera )

Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Origins:


- Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm is believed to have originated in North Africa and the Middle East. One of the very few palms to produce dates in our North Florida hot and humid climate the Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm will produce 1-3 inch long edible fruits in large clusters providing both male and female palms are present in the same area. 


Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Preferred Exposure:


- Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm wll prefer a full sun location in the North Florida landscape.


Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Fronds | Trunk:


- Foliage of the Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm remains evergreen through the winter in the North Florida landscape ( hardy for zones 9-11 and may sustain frond damage in zone 8) and sustains little to no winter damage in all but the very worst of our winter seasons.


- One of the most cultivated of all the Phoenix family of palms, the Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm has throughout history been sought after and cultivated into new location for its fruits.  Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm forms a large and stately head that reaches as much as 20 ft from left to right when mature. The upright fronds extending from the crown of the trunk may be up to 20 ft in length and are rather sparse giving the palm an overall light and feathery feel. 


 - Long needle like thorns towards the base of the fronds closest to the trunk.


 - Trunks of the Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm may eventually reach 30-100 ft in height depending on how many trunks are allowed to develop. Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palms naturally have a multi trunked habit but are most often seen with the offshoots or pups removed at the base to make a single trunked specimen.


 - Old leaf fronds are removed completely from the trunk on the lowest portion of the palm and left at the top near the foliage, they are then trimmed on an angle to expose the diamond shape of the individual palm fronds.



Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Soil Preference / Salt tolerance:


- Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm planted in the North Florida | Jacksonville | St. Augustine landscape will tolerate virtually any soil components, providing they are planted into well drained soils.


- Salt tolerance is moderate and Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm palms may be planted

in sites with coastal exposures.


Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Size Variance:


- Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm palms can reach sizes of 30-100 feet H | and spreading 16-25 feet in width,

width will vary depending on the number of trunks that are allowed to develop.


Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Growth Habit:


- Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm has a stiff upright habit that is often described as vase shaped.


Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Growth Rate:


- Like much of the Phoenix family of palms, Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm palms are  slow growing and may develop only 3-6 inches of trunk each growing season.


 - Fronds develop length quickly and within 3-5 years after being planted from the average 30 gallon palm you can expect your trunk to have a 2 ft

base and an overall height of 20 ft or more.


Canary Island Date Palm Bloom:


- Large white clusters on female palms are tucked in-between fronds and when male palms are present in the same vicinity give way to orange fruits that are 1-3 inches in length and great eaten fresh or dried.


Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm Water Requirements:


- Drought tolerant once established into the landscape. Take care to water well for the first few months after being planted from and S & J Nursery container into the landcape.


 - Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm will search out a water source and the overall appearance of the palm will benefit from supplimental irrigation, especially when trying to get your palm growing quickly.



Best Uses For Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm in the North Florida | Jacksonville | St. Augustine landscape:


- Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm is an excellent choice for a landscape statement for larger yards and commercial buildings where their huge highly decorative heads can be fully appreciated.


 - Often seen planted as a street tree as their non invasive root system doesn't seem to mind being crowded into tight spaces.


 - Large palms make a dramatic statement and are often seen as the focal point of the landcape on commercial buildings and residential landscape subdivision entry ways etc.



Care of Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm:


- Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm will need good water during the establishment period and are drought tolerant once established into the landscape.


- Trim back damaged or older browned out fronds each year as needed at the base of the stem to keep the plant at its best. Be sure to prune just past the last set of needle like thorns, removing those thorns when pruning older fronds helps keep the trunk size uniform on all sides and much safer to be working around!


MINIMUM PALM FERTILIZER REGIMEN - what you should be doing to keep your palm healthy


- Fertilize each spring with a specially blended fertilizer for Palms, follow manufacturers directions and apply 1/2 lb o 1lb of fertilizer per inch of diameter of trunk on your palm, measured from a hands width above the ground level. That means for a 12 inch wide trunk from left to right you would need 6-12 lbs of fertilizer for just that one palm!


 - Fertilize every fall with magnesium sulfate ( Epsom Salt) to keep your palm green and healthy through the winter months!


MAXIMUM PALM FERTILIZER REGIMEN - what you can do to get your palm up and growing Fast!


  - Fertilize every three months with your choice of Palm fertilizer and Magnesium Sulfate. Water 3-4 times per week and make sure to water thoroughly after each fertilizer application.


 - Wait till fronds have turned completely brown before removing from the palm as the palm will take back in the nutrients from those older leaves ad use it when forming new ones.






Note : When planting smaller palms being grown in a container, this rule does not apply, rather, use half the recommended application rate for your trunks diameter, as containered palms roots have not been damaged or cut during planting but are still only a portion as large as they would be if the palm had been growing in the ground and excess fertilizer on a confined root system is still not preferable for maximum health.


Palm fertilizers are water soluable and will burn the new roots your palm tree is trying to put out as it establishes itself into the landscape. It is best to use only poly coated plant food that is heat release like Osmocote general purpose fertilizer or non burning Milorganite in the first year in the landcape, and then the following year, start your palm food regimen that will provide all of the minor nutrients that your palms will need to keep them healthy and problem free in Florida's soils.


 - From UFIFAS Phoenix Dactylifera / True Date Palm

for the North Florida,| Jacksonville and St. Augustine's area landscapes.


Check out these other great Palm Selections at

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S & J Tree Farm and Nursery